Tremella Fuciformis Extract
What is Tremella and Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella fuciformis is a colloidal edible fungus and medicinal fungus with high economic value and rich nutrition. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that it has the effects of moistening the lung, generating fluid, nourishing yin and stomach, benefiting qi and blood, tonifying the brain and strengthening the brain.
Tremella fuciformis contains a variety of polysaccharides, amino acids, colloids and organic acids, which are very beneficial to human body. Long term consumption has the effect of prolonging life. It is a world recognized dual-purpose health product for medicine and food
Tremella fuciformis is a traditional edible fungus with the same origin of medicine and food in China, and its health nourishing effect has been affirmed by the health preservation practice of traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years.
Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide, the most important component, is the key to its biological activity. At the same time, it also has good processing and rheological properties, and is widely distributed in China The large amount of planting ensures the source of raw materials
What is the value of Tremella
Tremella fuciformis is a kind of edible and medicinal fungus with high economic value. It is a traditional precious tonic in China Tremella fuciformis can be found in medical books such as the special records of famous doctors, the renewal of Materia Medica in the Qing Dynasty and the modern dictionary of Chinese pharmacy Records of.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that Tremella has the effects of Supplementing Qi, nourishing yin and lungs, nourishing stomach, generating fluid, calming nerves and strengthening brain.
Tremella fuciformis is rich in nutrition. Every 100g of dry Tremella fuciformis contains 75.3g carbohydrate, 6.6g protein, 0.6g fat and 8.3g ash And active ingredients such as phenols, flavonoids and minerals
How to extract tremella polysaccharide
Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella polysaccharide was first extracted from Tremella fruiting body by Japanese scholars.
Since then, with the development of science and technology With the continuous development, scholars have also carried out continuous research and Discussion on the extraction of tremella polysaccharide. At present, tremella polysaccharide is commonly used The extraction methods mainly include traditional hot water extraction, alkali extraction, acid extraction, enzyme extraction, ultrasonic assisted extraction and so on.
his Medium hot water extraction method is the most widely used one
What can tremella polysaccharide do of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Polysaccharide is a natural macromolecular compound composed of a variety of monosaccharides.
It widely exists in animals and plants and constitutes life The basic substance of the body. Polysaccharides can provide skeleton structure and energy for life, and participate in the regulation of cell physiological activity.
silver Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide is abundant in the ear, and its edible and medicinal value has attracted much attention.
It is reported that tremella polysaccharide has an enhancer Body immune function, anti-tumor function, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects.
What is the function of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella fuciformis , also known as white fungus, white fungus, mulberry crane, wudingzhi, cowardly ear and snow fungus, is a perennial saprophytic plant, which grows on the logs of various broad-leaved trees and conifers
The fruiting body of Tremella fuciformis consists of more than 10 folded flat thin petals, which are light yellow or milky white, translucent colloidal state, soft, viscous and elastic. It is composed of several or dozens of petals, similar to chrysanthemum, peony or Hydrangea, with a diameter of 3-15cm.
What effect does Tremella Fuciformis Extract have
The polysaccharides, amino acids, colloids, organic substances, rare inorganic minerals and other substances contained in Tremella are very beneficial to the human body. Long term consumption can prolong life. It is not only a valuable nutritional tonic, but also a tonic for strengthening the body.
Traditional Chinese medicine doctors of all dynasties regard Tremella as “a product for prolonging life” and “a good medicine for immortality”. Tremella fuciformis is non-toxic. It can not only replenish the spleen and appetizer, but also replenish qi and clear the intestines. It has a good function of regulating the spleen and stomach and eliminating human toxins
The polysaccharides, amino acids, colloids, organic substances, rare inorganic minerals and other substances contained in Tremella are very beneficial to the human body. Long term consumption can prolong life. It is not only a valuable nutritional tonic, but also a tonic for strengthening the body. Traditional Chinese medicine doctors of all dynasties regard Tremella as “a product for prolonging life” and “a good medicine for immortality”. Tremella fuciformis is non-toxic. It can not only replenish the spleen and appetizer, but also replenish qi and clear the intestines. It has a good function of regulating the spleen and stomach and eliminating human toxins
Polysaccharide, the main effective component of Tremella fuciformis, is the key substance for Tremella fuciformis to show biological activity. It can enhance human immunity, mobilize shower cells, enhance the swallowing ability of leukocytes, and promote the hematopoietic function of bone marrow hepatocytes
What is the distribution of Tremella Fuciformis Extract in China
Tremella is a specialty of China, which is distributed in Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Anhui, Taiwan, Hubei, Hainan, Hunan, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Tibet and other regions.
Fujian Province is the main production area of tremella, including Gutian County, Pingnan County, Minqing County and Minhou County. The output of Tremella in Gutian County accounts for 90% of the country
What are the nutrients of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella contains a variety of high-value nutrients, mainly including crude polysaccharide, crude protein, dietary fiber, a variety of vitamins and mineral elements
The chemical constituents of Tremella fuciformis mainly include Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide, lipid, protein and so on. Among them, tremella polysaccharide is the most important component in Tremella, which comes from Tremella fruiting body and Tremella cell submerged fermentation broth.
Tremella polysaccharides can be roughly divided into five categories: acidic heteropolysaccharides, neutral heteropolysaccharides, cell wall polysaccharides, extracellular polysaccharides and acidic oligosaccharides.
The protein of Tremella fuciformis contains aspartic acid, threonine, serine, glutamate, glycine, alanine, alanine, alanine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, lysine, histidine, arginine and proline
What is polysaccharide in Tremella Fuciformis Extract fuciformis
Polysaccharide, also known as polysaccharide, is a kind of polymer compound with complex molecular structure, which is usually composed of multiple (more than ten, less than ten are called oligosaccharides) monosaccharide molecules through condensation and dehydration
According to the different components of dehydration condensation, it can be divided into homogeneous polysaccharide and heterogeneous polysaccharide (shelf polysaccharide).
As the name suggests, homogeneous polysaccharides are formed by dehydration and condensation of the same monosaccharide molecule, such as starch, dextran, mannan, cellulose, glycogen, etc; Heterogeneous polysaccharides, namely heteropolysaccharides, are formed by dehydration and condensation of different kinds of monosaccharide molecules, such as hyaluronic acid, various fungal polysaccharides, Arabic gum, inulin, heparin, etc
Where are the polysaccharides distributed of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Polysaccharides are widely distributed in nature, such as microorganisms, plant cell walls and animal cell membranes. They play a great role in biological activities W and composition. For example, cellulose is an important part of plant cell wall, and several T substances are indispensable substances in microbial cell wall.
They together constitute the tissue framework around the cell to ensure that the cell is not affected by external adverse factors. Some polysaccharides, such as starch, are also used by plants as energy storage materials. Similarly, glycogen, such a material, also exists in animals
What form does polysaccharide exist of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
In cells and organisms, polysaccharides not only exist in a single form, but also covalently modify and connect with polyhedral chains to form glycoproteins. They have important physiological activities and widely exist in cell membrane, intercellular cytoplasm, Plasma w and mucus.
It plays an important role in maintaining protein stability, resisting protease hydrolysis, preventing antibody recognition, specifically binding antigen and participating in the disassembly and start-up of chemical chain in endoplasmic reticulum.
It has switching and tuning functions, hormone functions, intracellular transport functions, protecting and promoting substance absorption Participate in blood coagulation and cell recognition, and play a very important role in the regulation of proliferation, fertilization, occurrence, differentiation, immunity and other life phenomena,
What effect does polysaccharide have of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
As a high molecular compound, polysaccharide has rich biological activities. It plays an extremely important role in maintaining normal life activities such as cell metabolism, reproduction and immunity and regulating the expression of normal genes
Where can polysaccharides be used
Polysaccharide has a large molecular weight. It usually exists in the form of W main chain with W side chain. This structure determines that it has processing and rheological properties that other substances do not have.
It is easy to form gel in water and has high viscosity. Adding polysaccharide to the beverage can w increase the viscosity and stability of the beverage, and also give the beverage fresh taste; In the processing of flour products, polysaccharides can w enhance the water holding capacity of gluten and lift away the elasticity of gluten;
Adding a certain amount of polysaccharide to meat products can w effectively improve the hydration retention and texture of meat products
What is the application value of polysaccharides of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Polysaccharide ，Tremella Fuciformis Extract， has many functions, such as anti-tumor, anti-virus, anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, anti-oxidation, anti ulcer, reducing blood sugar, regulating body immunity and so on.
At the same time, Tremella Fuciformis Extract， polysaccharide as an immune enhancer can enhance the body’s immunity. Studies have shown that all kinds of plant polysaccharides have prominent antitumor effects, which is different from the action mode of general antitumor drugs killing cancer cells.
Polysaccharides do not directly kill cancer cells, but indirectly inhibit the growth and proliferation of tumor cells by improving the body’s immunity and stimulating the cellular immune process
What are the structural characteristics and classification of Tremella Polysaccharide of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella fuciformis ，Tremella Fuciformis Extract polysaccharide is the main active component in Tremella fuciformis, and the main component of Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide is a-d-mannan. It is a non starch polysaccharide, which exists in fruiting body, cuddle, fermentation broth and cell wall
Tremella Tremella Fuciformis Extract ， fuciformis polysaccharides can be divided into acidic heteropolysaccharides and neutral heteropolysaccharides according to their properties. Gluconic acid residues make acidic heteropolysaccharides contain characteristic components. A variety of monosaccharides w have different molar ratios, the relative molecular weights of various polysaccharides are also differen
According to its location, it can be divided into fruiting body polysaccharide, Baozi polysaccharide, extracellular polysaccharide and cell wall polysaccharide. Fruiting body polysaccharide is a kind of heteropolysaccharide extracted from the fruiting body of Tremella fuciformis. Through long-term cultivation experiments, a component similar to the fruiting body polysaccharide was also extracted from the solid medium or deep liquid alcohol solution for culturing Tremella fuciformis.
This is Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide. The structure of Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide is similar to that of Tremella fuciformis, but due to the small area occupied by culturing Tremella fuciformis, The conditions are easy to control, and the growth cycle of Tremella fuciformis is much shorter than that of Tremella fuciformis, and the development is fast. Therefore, cultivating Tremella fuciformis has become a relatively fast and effective means to obtain Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide
What are the processing characteristics of Tremella Polysaccharide of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella polysaccharide itself has many good processing characteristics. When added to food, medicine and cosmetics, it has the ability of moisturizing, moisturizing, oil absorption, expansion and thickening. It has important applications in the food industry
Adding it to the food can improve the water holding capacity of the food, isolate the air and reduce the loss of water in the food.
It is combined with some components in the food to form a stable sister fabric structure, prevent the dehydration and shrinkage of the food, and add a certain tremella polysaccharide to the meat products, It can greatly improve the water holding capacity of meat products and improve the quality of meat products. Adding a certain amount of tremella polysaccharide to baked food can w slow down the loss of water and prolong the shelf life
Tremella polysaccharide also has a certain ability to adsorb oil, which makes the oil in food more stable, makes the color of food more bright and shiny, and increases the appearance of food
Because tremella polysaccharide has high viscosity, it can be added to food as thickener, such as yogurt and various drinks, to increase the smooth and viscous taste. A small amount of addition can increase the high viscosity without any peculiar smell
Why can Tremella extract prevent intestinal diseases of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Tremella polysaccharide, as a polysaccharide, also has the characteristics of dietary fiber. Because it has a variety of prebiotic effects, it has become an essential class of substances to maintain health
First of all, it has good water holding capacity. It can expand and absorb water in the digestive tract, maintain the moisture of feces, increase the volume of feces, promote the peristalsis of intestine, and accelerate the discharge of feces and harmful substances in the intestine
Tremella fuciformis polysaccharides ferment in the intestine to produce short chain fatty acids, such as t acetic acid, propionic acid and glycolic acid, which can be used as the energy source of probiotics in the intestine and specifically probiotics in the intestine
Why can Tremella fuciformis have anticoagulant and thrombotic effects of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Intraperitoneal injection of tremella polysaccharide solution in rabbits can inhibit the formation of specific fibrin thrombus in vivo, prolong the time required for its formation, reduce the length of thrombus, blood viscosity, the number of platelets and their adhesion rate, the content of fibrinogen in plasma,
and improve the activity of fibrinolytic enzyme, The results showed that Tremella fuciformis polysaccharide had obvious antithrombotic and thrombolytic ability.
Why can Tremella become stabilizer and emulsifier of Tremella Fuciformis Extract
Adding tremella polysaccharide ,Tremella Fuciformis Extract to beverages and pasta can W be used as stabilizer and emulsifier, and increase the cellulose content of the product at the same time;
Adding tremella polysaccharide in the processing of meat products can w improve the water holding capacity of the products and achieve the effect of enriching water; Tremella polysaccharide can be w added to special foods to meet the needs of special people